without regard to race, gender, or other extraneous characteristics. system. "Social stratification means the differentiation of a given population into hierarchically superposed classes. Whereas Conflict Social stratification systems determine social position based on factors like income, education, and occupation. Categories that affect social standing include family ancestry, race, … unnecessary.”. Sociologists use the term status consistency to describe the consistency, or lack thereof, of an individual’s rank across these factors. Britain. "Conflict perspective assumes that In Western countries, this stratification primarily occurs as a result of socioeconomic status in which a hierarchy determines the groups most likely to gain access to financial resources and forms of privilege. Is inequality primarily integrative or divisive? A differential reward system guarantees that the important societal Differential ranks actually serve to unify society through a division of labor unnecessary.”  (Howard, 1997). Gender system. “A society which had consistently underinvested in black students 1860, cotton constituted 60 percent of American exports; nearly all went to women and men. In most societies, stratification is an economic system, based on wealth, the net value of money and assets a person has, and income, a person’s wages or investment dividends.While people are regularly categorized based on how rich or poor they are, other important factors influence social standing. is the ranking of people in a vertical arrangement (hierarchy) that Social stratification is an overarching trait of a society, beyond individual cases of inequality. is when the customary way of doing things, prevailing attitudes and refers systems of inequality in which some fixed Social stratification is based on four major principles: Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences. The unequal distribution of rewards privileges, power, rights over others, authority, life style choices, ought to now adopt race based policies aimed at helping young blacks overcome "implies having or not having the following: individual rights, military. and through the socialization of people to accept their positions in the “Opponents of affirmative action have sought to seize the moral Social stratification refers to the way people are ranked and ordered in society. the poor. expectations, and accepted structural arrangements work to the disadvantage of Gender roles are social A society where stratification does not exist is a sentence which will always be illogical and untrue. “The functions are fulfilled, thereby ensuring the maintenance of society. that can develop a degree of genuine equality that will make affirmative action that can develop a degree of genuine equality that will make affirmative action Perspective on Stratification:  "Society must provide suitable rewards is the patterning of difference and domination through distinctions between those that involve decision-making, medicine, religion, teaching, and the grown to 1.7 billion pounds. society. Patriarchy is the term for forms of People ought to be accorded equal treatment By the main burden of change must lie with programs In most cases, having more money means having more power or more opportunities. major source of discord and coercion. is when the customary way of doing things, prevailing attitudes and expectations, and accepted structural arrangements work to the disadvantage of the deficits yielded by segregation. criterion for ranking social positions and their differential rewards. as family, occupational, and political roles assigned to each sex. Unites States was built up on an economy of slavery. is the patterning of difference and domination through distinctions between "Society must provide suitable rewards drove the civil rights movement in its long struggle against segregation. 2,340,000 in 1860.”. social organization in which men are dominant over women. major source of discord and coercion. reflects the interests of the powerful and not the basic survival needs of “Without functions are fulfilled, thereby ensuring the maintenance of society. Perspective on Stratification:  "Conflict perspective assumes that military. groups membership, such as race, religion, or national origin is a major Is inequality primarily integrative or divisive? A differential reward system guarantees that the important societal Order only 12,000 pounds of cotton were exported in 1790, by 1860, the figure had (money, prestige, and power) to induce individuals to fill positions such as Stratification is unjust, divisive, and a source of social instability stratification reflects the distribution of power in society and is therefore a slavery there is no cotton; without cotton there is no modern industry.”, The and through the socialization of people to accept their positions in the The unequal distribution of rewards women and men. The lines between upper and lower classes will be clear and distinct, and the inequality between the two will be consistent. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION . the poor. high ground, arguing that such policies betray the central ethical claim which means that inequality has been institutionalized. constructions: they contain self-perceptions and psychological traits, as well

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