Problem: Paul quotes Psalm 68:18 saying, “When He ascended on high, He led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men” (Eph. (16) From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted. Most think it quotes Psalm 68:18 with five minor and two major changes. Ephesians 4:8 —Does Paul inaccurately quote Psalm 68:18?. Read Introduction to Ephesians 16 from whom the whole body, joined and knit together by what every joint supplies, according to the effective working by which every part does its share, causes growth of the body for the edifying of itself in love.. The two major variations are the change from the second to the third person, and the change of direction from having received gifts from men to the giving of gifts to men. 4:8).Yet the OT Psalm reads, “You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive; you have received gifts among men.” Is there a discrepancy here between these two texts? —The word rendered “fitly joined together” is the same used in Ephesians 2:21, with more technical accuracy, of a building—“clamped” or “bonded together.”Here the two words are applied to the union of the limbs of the body, as being “jointed,” and so “brought into close contact.” Ephesians 4:8. [Ephesians 4:8-10] When you read and study, you will find some of the most diverse interpretations of this unusual passage. But let me deal with the first part of the quotation first. Therefore He says: “When He ascended on high, He led captivity captive, And gave gifts to men.” Paul appears to be quoting here from Psalm 68:18. Ephesians 4:8 includes a quotation from the Old Testament, which confirms God’s giving of gifts. Ephesians 4:8. Nothing is to be treated as a parenthesis, inasmuch as neither course of thought nor construction is interrupted. Paul’s reason for the quotation is found at the end, namely, that Christ gave gifts to men. Ephesians 4:8-16 ESV Therefore it says, “When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men.” (In saying, “He ascended,” what does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower regions, the earth? If it had just been said that by Christ the endowment of grace was distributed in varied measure to each individual, this is now confirmed by a testimony of the Scripture. The argument of verse 16 is that believers need to cooperate with each other in ministry.
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