by otter11, Jul. As used here, it carries an emphatic from of ni and is governed by the agreement of the class of the noun in reference. zZ[���N�y����QDD�����G��Z�(g���F�ُ֪j�� }����s�-W��`/�!�Q����� [Ali will call the child.] SWAHILI: GENERAL CONVERSATION 'What part of Kenya is the city of Nairobi in? 5. It's in the central part.' predictable than the stative reading, which is frequently idiosyncratic. For example, the causative and stative may cooccur as shown in (5). Only three monosyllabic verbs can be made into a stative; their forms are -jika (from -ja ), -lika (from -la ), and -nyweka (from -nywa ). Active verbs: Sentences with Passive verbs: 1. Active Verbs Passive Verbs 1. ita [call] itwa [be called] 2. sema [say/speak] semwa [be said/spoken] 3. 2. xڅۮ�6�c��o+�*QJ�v�i�M��9�{��h��,������}o�/���Жl?��9Ε�V!����� �J�"�D�*�/^>���u\�D�\��v������8���E�}ZG����/��SME�w�4��-U������"����m�ӡ�����MC���:�5�6����Ē��R�ُ� ��]��{)�Ӧ��ED�:�* ���* Verbs which already exist in the Stative form 6. Such English verbs are called ergative verbs, and I strongly doubt they can be found in Swahili, since it marks both the subject and object very consistently. This is the con-struction we have called the reciprocal stative, again without implying any particular analysis. Here the noun would indicate an inside location. �K��5��0����#]R�4��.+ ��T� ���a Has��+��ʢ�������;�_*�'vLQ9�;����͵>l_�K��B����`���8�K`��E�.�#Ճ�Tm���l��Y,k�� I2+v���1%�P.�0�f �Q. Concord involving demonstratives 'Who is this?' A verb which isn’t stative is called a dynamic verb, and is usually an action. again without implying any particular analysis. When a verb with a sentential complement is stativized the complement can appear post-, verbally, in an impersonal construction. >> (8) A-na-tambul-ik-an-a SM-Pres-know-Stat-Recip-FV The question seems to be complicated by the elaborate voice system of this agglutinative language. She wasn’t agreeing with us. "Kuku anapika" can mean only that the chicken is the one doing the actual cooking, the prefix a-shows that it is the chicken who is the subject. with the stative morpheme may not be reintroduced: As we will see, ordinary statives contrast minimally in this respect with reciprocal statives. 3. Introducing Textbook Solutions. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. 3 0 obj << 25 Simplified Swahili. stream But the suppressed subject of verbs suffixed. Like other postverbal derivational suffixes, may appear in combination with other suf-. (7) I-na-tambu-lik-a SM-Pres-know-Stat-FV kuwa that Juma Juma a-na-m-penda SM-Pres-OM-love Pili. �G&�����7�y6Áf'� �k���-/�64����� ��,I�� �|0�01�K}B���>Ů�4�s�ͱ�=�P��qk]-6�z*ՅI,-�M ��ڱ�v�����:�j��. This preview shows page 3 - 6 out of 32 pages. [Tanzanian people speak Kiswahili.] Kiswahili kinasemwa na Watanzania. … Mtoto ataitwa na Ali. Monosyllabic verbs also fall in this category. Stative Form (Kauli ya Kutendeka) Represents a state, condition or self-action without mentioning directly who performed the action. Examine the verb root and apply the following rules: Verbs with a, i or u, use - ika Exception verbs Section A: Bantu Verbs with a Previous Stem Vowel A, I, or U Bantu verbs where the 2nd last syllable contains A, I, or U are made stative by inserting -ik-before the last vowel. For example, “to count” can be interpreted as “to be considered” in the stative, but it also has the composi-. 1. example (1)). fixes. %PDF-1.2 For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Swahili does not always make a clear distinction between transitive and intransitive verbs. As we have already pointed out, a number of Swahili verbs may or must form the stative by, suffixation of the reciprocal morpheme in addition to the stative morpheme. Rules. He lives here now. ' Ali atamwita mtoto. Present negative verbs -----'Where does Mr. So-and-So live now? Very similar to passive form. verbs are called stative, or state verbs. – Yellow Sky Jan 30 '15 at 18:51 Subcategories of the Swahili verb such as stative, reciprocal, reflexive, causative, applicative and passive are marked by appropriate affixes. Category:Swahili transitive verbs: Swahili verbs that indicate actions, occurrences or states directed to one or more grammatical objects. This is the con-. construction is also common with reciprocal statives (cf. Verb Correct ˆot Correct agree She didn’t agree with us. Category:Swahili stative verbs: Swahili verbs that define a state through means of a verb. Stative verbs derived from nouns and adjectives 7. 5 The Standard Swahili English Dictionary SSED gives many stative verb forms as, The Standard Swahili-English Dictionary (SSED) gives many stative verb forms as “Stative and Potential.”, to be countable / to be regarded, considered, to be raised / to stand up (fig: advance in position), terpretations are given in Table 1. �",x}�i�Xާ���2�N�é�H5�ݬ��i`0{PIkQ������f�n��~��O�W�Eq�&��ŏ(G{�G�[ �~~-��� This. Watanzania wanasema Kiswahili. 2. Annual Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Click to Rate "Hated It" Click to Rate "Didn't Like It" Click to Rate "Liked It" Click to Rate "Really Liked It" Click to Rate "Loved It" 4.5 1; Favorite. Locative pseudo-verbs 'Are you from Europe? In Swahili, as in English, the suppressed subject of a passive verb can be reintroduced via, an oblique phrase; an example is shown in (6a). [�������a�������@�!���LS�.�ӝ5�8��]� iE�I?�QS��D��DG���B�/xa�eYe�*B&���/�ʿŸ�ޜiCP���#4�Ye03MU՚�eې���S���� Q3�GN��|�~ޜ8 ��Lp}]�A/ �Ixctᒉ���K�%�@��ML�[$� ��ナ��'��(���j� In Swahili, verbs take the following the prefix –na- to form the present tense: a-na-enda, … Arabic verbs ending in -i or -u change the final vowel to -ika, those ending in -e add -ka to the end, and those ending in -au add -lika to the end. , I'm not from Europe. Passive Verbs Passive Verbs [mnyambuliko wa vitenzi] A). Forming Passive Verbs When a Swahili verb stem has ‐W‐ suffixed to it, an active verb becomes a passive one. In Swahili grammars, this form is discussed in the category of copular verbs that include such verbs as ni, ‘is’ and si ‘is not’. which allow the suppressed subject to be reintroduced. /Filter /FlateDecode 2009. /Length 4 0 R Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.

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