In other words, it is the emergence of separate classes or strata in the society. The caste system in India is a well-known example of this form of stratification. While estate systems were common in the past, other systems of social stratification exist in the modern world. What is Social Stratification     – Definition, Characteristics 3. Factors that define stratification vary in different societies. They are relevant as a pre-condition, as well as a result of, the division of labor. Members of different social divisions do not have the same access to material rewards, such as wealth and property, or symbolic rewards, such as status and respect. It is this idea of social status or social significance that creates social stratification. Social Differentiation and Social Stratification . She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. This may serve a social function—providing society with groups of people who are available to perform low-status jobs. In the words of Gisbert, “ Social stratification is the division of society in permanent groups or categories linked with each other by the relationship of … Social differentiation itself has to be examined from various angles, the most important of which are discussed below. The type of resources, as well as the abundance or scarcity of those resources, affects life chances and opportunities. Start studying Sociology ch 8 Social Differentiation and Stratification. Closed systems tend to be extremely rigid and does not allow changes in social positions. The main difference between social stratification and social differentiation is that social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of people based on categories like ethnicity, class, education level, and gender while social differentiation is the distinction between social groups and persons on the basis of physiological, biological and sociocultural factors. Social stratification and social differentiation are the two most important processes found in most of the societies. All societies have a system of stratification. Social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of people based on categories like ethnicity, class, occupation, education level, and gender. Structured inequalities relating to racial divisions result in some racial groups having greater access to good education, good jobs, health care, more social and cultural prestige, and better treatment by the justice system. Stratification results in power differences between different social groups. Social divisions often result in structured inequalities between groups in society in terms of their access to material or symbolic rewards. One potential result is that social divisions are repeated over generations, with the children of people who hold low status jobs having limited pathways to achieve higher status. Social Differentiation - Definition, Characteristics, Forms, Types and Examples - Each region must have a different cultural diversity and have the characteristics of each of these regions. Social stratification is the hierarchical ranking of social groups based on unequal levels of wealth, power, and social status. Moreover, inequality and power are two key concepts in social differentiation. For example, a working class individual with a low income who becomes famous or a respected leader might hold a fairly high status position. In the United States, the class system is considered open and includes the potential for upward or downward mobility. In a class system, individuals are born into a certain social position, but some people are able to move up or down in the social structure over the course of their lives. There are four major forms of stratification: estate systems, caste systems, class systems, and status hierarchy systems.

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