Quantum mechanics can form the basis for an entirely new type of computation— quantum computing — if some huge practical implementation problems can be solved Quantum Information • A classical logic state can be 0 or 1, but not both • A quantum state can be 0 and 1 at the same time! The implementation of a functioning quantum computer poses tremendous scientiﬁc and technological challenges, but current rates of progress suggest that these challenges will be substantively addressed over the next ten years. This paper explores a hybrid quantum-classical architecture that allows the use of small, unreliable quantum processors to evaluate large quantum … To architect such systems, one must understand what it takes to design and model a balanced, fault-tolerant quantum computer architecture. This paper presents the definition and implementation of a quantum computer architecture to enable creating a full-fledged quantum computer. A Layered Architecture for Quantum Computing N. Cody Jones Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4088, USA and Corresponding author: ncjones@stanford.edu Quantum computer architecture is a systematic approach to organizing the resources of a quantum computer. The goal of this lecture is to provide architectural abstractions for the design of a quantum computer and to explore the systems-level challenges in achieving scalable, fault-tolerant quantum … The assumed capacity of a machine in this graph is 2n2 logical qubits. • More precisely, a quantum … quantum computer architecture. We provide a sketch of a quantum computing … quantum hardware can only evaluate such large and deep circuits with the help of quantum error-correcting codes [10] that add several orders of magnitude of space and time over-head [20]. Recent interest in quantum computers has focused on Peter Shor’s algo- rithm for prime factorization of large numbers. How small groups of qubits will interconnect is the first problem quantum computer architecture must solve. These notes (and my talk) assume that readers are familiar with the basics of quantum computing … From [4]. Given the fragility of quantum quantum computing jquantum information jquantum information science jquantum physics jquantum computing architecture I nspired by the vast computing power a universal quantum computer could offer, several candidate systems are being explored. We present the idea of a quantum … quantum computing. A key question is to understand what a quantum computer is and how it relates to the classical processor that controls the entire execution process. As an example, a Quantum von Neumann architecture for trapped ions is presented which incorporates multiplexing in the memory re-gion for large-scale quantum computation. To illustrate the capability of this architecture, a model trapped ion quantum computer based on Quantum von Neumann architecture, the Quantum … 1 Shor showed that a quan- tum computer could, in theory, factor an n -bit integer in O ( … At the bottom of the stack we have the technologies for storing individu-al qubits, and processing or transport-ing them to take part in a larger com-putation. They have allowed experimental demonstrations of quantum … To build a large-scale quantum computer, one can use architectural principles, from classical computer architecture, like multiplexing or pipelining. method of implementing Shor’s algorithm (BCDP, D and F), and quantum computer architecture (NTC and AC).

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