Table 2.2 Case-control studies of painters and lung cancer Reference, Location, Time period Characteristics of cases Characteristics of controls Exposure Assessment Exposure No. The authors conducted comprehensive meta-analyses of the epidemiological literature on occupational painting and these cancers. RESULTS: In analyses pooling the two studies, painters had an OR of lung cancer of 1.3 (95% CI 0.9 to 2.2). The relative risk of lung cancer was estimated, adjusting for several potential confounders, including smoking, in a three-variable parameterisation. Lung cancer cases were identified through the New York State Cancer Registry. A case-control study of lung cancer was conducted within a cohort of painters and allied tradesmen drawn from the New York State membership of a large international union. Lung cancer risk in painters: a meta-analysis. Risks for women developing cancer are found higher for the larynx, esophagus, and oral cavity among glazers and lacquerers. of expose d cases OR (95% CI) Adjustment for potential confounders Comments Burns & Swanson (1991) USA 1984-87 5935 (3918 males, 2017 females; 77% white, 23% black) from Occupational Cancer Incidence … Statistics indicate that there is an increased probability of contracting bladder cancer and lung cancer among painters; and acute leukemia and lung cancer among varnish and paint plant workers. Data extracti O n: Three authors independently abstracted data and assessed study quality. Guha N(1), Merletti F, Steenland NK, Altieri A, Cogliano V, Straif K. Author information: (1)Section of IARC Monographs, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified occupational painting as a human carcinogen based on lung and bladder cancers; however, no specific exposures were implicated. The IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) estimates that cancer … Among them, Mr. Miller said, 13 bladder cancer … Controls were randomly selected from the same union population. Data synthesis: The summary relative risk (meta-RR, random effects) for lung cancer in paint-ers was 1.35 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.29–1.41; 47 studies] and 1.35 (95% CI, 1.21–1.51; 27 studies) after controlling for smoking. The authors abstracted study results and confounder information, and … The summary relative risk (meta-RR, random effects) for lung cancer in painters was 1.35 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.29–1.41; 47 studies] and 1.35 (95% CI, 1.21–1.51; 27 studies) after controlling for smoking. The ORs of lung cancer for occupational exposure to specific or group of agents are shown in Table 3.Significantly increased risk was associated with silica dust, painting, and diesel exhaust. Excess deaths from leukemia, or blood cancer, and from bladder cancer were confined to painters in the study. lung cancer among painters.
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