SS William Mackinnon was a steamboat on Lake Victoria in East Africa.She was named after Sir William Mackinnon, founder of the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC).. The territory was then divided to form the Uganda Protectorate in 1894 and East Africa Protectorate (later Kenya) in 1895. In 1888, Mackinnon founded the Imperial British East Africa Company and became its Chairman. Hoping to resolve this common interest in a peaceful manner, in 1886 Germany and Britain signed a treaty in which they agreed upon what lands they would exclusively pursue. The Emin Pasha Relief Expedition; 5. The main part of the Mackinnon-Sclater road was completed by the British government after the demise of the IBEAC. [John S Galbraith] -- In the 1870s Britain dominated the coast of east Africa by informal influence exerted from Zanzibar through the renowned consul-general, Sir John Kirk. The Mackinnon Road site, 41½ miles NW of Mombasa was one of three locations selected for new naval airfields in Eastern Africa for the support of the Eastern Fleet operations in the Indian Ocean; the other two were at Voi, Kenya, 79 miles NNW from Mombasa, and Tanga, Tanganyika, 72 miles SSW of Mombasa. In 1888, control of the emerging British "sphere of interest" in East Africa was assigned by royal charter to William Mackinnon's Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEACO), an arrangement strengthened in 1890 by an Anglo-German agreement confirming British dominance over Kenya and Uganda. was to open up the hinterland as well as this ten-mile strip, became the Imperial British East Africa Company by a founder's agreement of April 1888, and received a royal charter in September of the same year. After only nine years a fire destroyed the building and the school, renamed Keil School, moved to Helenslee House in Dumbarton where it continued until 2000. Germany would lay claim to the coast of present-day Tanzania and Britain retained access to the area in which Kenya and Uganda lie. This left the British government reluctant in accepting full responsibility for this newly acknowledged region. [1] In 1891 he founded the Free Church of Scotland East African Scottish Mission. Central to success of the Italian's goals in Zanzibar was William MacKinnon, chairman of East African … He established the British-India Steam Navigation Company and the Imperial British East Africa Company. [1], Mackinnon went to India in 1847 and joined an old schoolfriend, Robert Mackenzie, in the coasting trade, carrying merchandise from port to port around the Bay of Bengal. The Anglo-German treaty and its aftermath; 8. Mackinnon and East Africa 1878-1895; a study in the 'New Imperialism'. On 24 May 1887 Mackinnon and the British East Africa Association [later Company] accepted a concession of the Sultan's territory on the mainland for a 50-year period, subsequently amended to a grant in perpetuity. In her new book, leading feminist Catharine MacKinnon argues that women are still treated more like "things" than people. The need for web access has driven African countries to Huawei despite U.S. concerns. Get this from a library! Mackinnon's association, whose object A chartered company formed. He also felt that he was on the right route to the realm of Prester John, a legendary African king of whom the people of Europe had heard much. The IBEAC assumed responsibility for land stretching from the eastern coast of Uganda all the way to the northwestern shore of Lake Victoria. Under Mackinnon's guidance it developed and created a vast trade around the coast of India and Burma, the Persian Gulf and East Coast of Africa, besides establishing subsidiary lines of connection with Great Britain, the Dutch East Indies and Australia. In the early 1880s, European powers rushed to obtain unclaimed territories within areas of interest in Africa. [1], He died at the Burlington Hotel in London in 1893 and was buried at Clachan in Kintyre, near his home, Balinakill House. [1], Calcutta and Burma Steam Navigation Company, BI Ship (British India Steam Navigation) site, Colonial Head of British East Africa, later Kenya,,_1st_Baronet&oldid=993126180, Baronets in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom, Companions of the Order of the Indian Empire, Fellows of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 22:53. In 1873, the company established a mail service between Aden and Zanzibar. Not only had he discovered a new route to India and the Far East, he had also discovered a way by which Islamic forces could be checked. [3] [1] Together they formed the firm of Mackinnon Mackenzie & Co[1] and Mackinnon chose to make Cossipore the base for his own activities.[2]. The four groups involved in Uganda, the Kabaka, French Catholics, Protestants, and the Company, could not resolve their squabble amicably and with tensions continuing to rise, civil war broke out in January 1892. See Mackinnon Road photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Mackinnon Road in Kenya. Sir William Mackinnon, 1st Baronet CIE (13 March 1823 – 22 June 1893) was a Scottish ship-owner and businessman who built up substantial commercial interests in India and East Africa. One of these areas, the Sultanate of Zanzibarand the interior of Eastern Africa, caught the attention of both Germany and Britain. On 3 September 1888, the British East Africa Company was formally incorporated, with Mackinnon as Chairman. A miserable fraud and a disgrace to the English name. Sir Mackinnon formed a British East Africa Association which led to the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC). One of these areas, the Sultanate of Zanzibar and the interior of Eastern Africa, caught the attention of both Germany and Britain. It superseded earlier caravan routes used by slave traders and explorers of the interior. In 1889 Mackinnon was made 1st Baronet of Strathaird and Loup. October 2017 Kenyan presidential election, "Some Factors in the British Occupation of East Africa, 1884–1894", "Mackinnon, Sir William, baronet (1823–1893)", The partition of East Africa (1856 – 1891), Company of Merchant Adventurers of London, Company of Merchant Adventurers to New Lands,, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. MacKinnon befriended the rulers of Dar-es-Salaam so that his ships could be protected along the coast of Eastern Africa. It built upon Mackinnon’s trading activities in the region, with the encouragement of the British government. Professor Galbraith's book considers this episode in British Imperial History, the factors involved and Mackinnon's part in it. In 1888, Sir William Mackinnon and the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC) were authorized to serve this purpose. The campaign was effectively ended in November 1917. It granted immunity of prosecution to British subjects whilst allowing them the right to raise taxes, impose custom duties, administer justice, make treaties and otherwise act as the government of the area.[1]. The company, founded as a shipping and insurance agency in the City of London, went through several reorganizations and ownership changes, obtaining recognition as a merchant bank in 1915, becoming fully fledged as Gray Dawes Bank in 1973 (sold in 1983), and now known as Gray Dawes Group Ltd.[3][4][5][6].

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