Sugar beets are harvested in mid-to-late autumn when sugar content peaks. Beet sugar accounts for 30% of the total sugar produced worldwide. After washing, the sugar beets enter the slicer where razor-sharp, corrugated knives cut the sugar beets into long, white, french-fry looking strings called cossettes. Commercial beet sugar undergoes centrifugal and chemical processing to separate the solids from the syrup, using ingredients that include charcoal, mineral lime, and hardened calcium or bones. Most notably, cane sugar is said to caramelize more easily and result in a more uniform product than beet sugar. This is what you will commonly find when pure cane sugar is not listed. The sugar beets are trucked from outside receiving stations to factories throughout the processing campaign for sugar processing. An estimated 55–60% of all sugar produced in the US comes from sugar beets (1). You typically do not see beet sugar listed and I know this made from beet sugar as we can’t grow sugar cane in Michigan. During this process the raw juice is clarified and filtered to remove impurities, remaining solids and fine particles. Meanwhile, others prefer to avoid GMOs due to concerns of antibiotic resistance, food allergies and other possible adverse effects on health (13). Some people are in favor of genetically modified crops as a sustainable source of food that is highly resistant to insects, herbicides, or extreme weather (12). Nutrition labels can be confusing and misleading. Both beet and cane sugar are found in a variety of foods including sweets, processed foods, baked goods and sodas. Many consumers prefer cane sugar over beet sugar due to concerns about genetically modified organisms (GMOs). One of the biggest differences between beet and cane sugar is their processing and production method. Beet sugar does not involve the use of bone char or coal-based activated carbon, which can be used to bleach and filter cane sugar. The resulting juice is combined with liquids squeezed from the beet pulp and then purified before it is evaporated so that it condenses into a thick syrup. The remaining molasses syrup still contains some sugar, which is claimed through additional processes called molasses desugarization. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. This article reviews the differences between beet and cane sugar to determine whether one is healthier. Beet sugar is made from a variety of beta vulgaris plant, commonly known as beet. For this reason, consuming high amounts of either beet or cane sugar can contribute to weight gain and the development of chronic conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and liver problems (9). Unlike sugar cane, sugar beet can grow in temperate climates, and is therefore a more popular alternative to cane in Europe and North America. [insert image https://images-prod.healthline.com/hlcmsresource/images/AN_images/beet-sugar-1296×728-feature.jpg]. The following processes are controlled through state-of-the-art computerized flow and monitoring systems. Some people are in favor of genetically modified crops as a sustainable source of food that is highly resistant to insects, herbicides and extreme weather (12). Unlike cane sugar, beet sugar is produced without bone char, which may be important for vegans or vegetarians. Sugar beets are harvested in mid-to-late autumn when sugar content peaks. Keep in mind that other products, such as coal-based activated carbon, are often used in the processing of white sugar as a vegan alternative to bone char (6). The automatic packaging lines can fill 4-pound bags at a rate of more than 2 bags per second. This is partially due to distinct differences in terms of taste, which can alter the flavor of your dishes. To make beet sugar, beets are washed, shredded, and run through a diffuser, which forces hot water past the beet shreds to extract the sugar. The common ‘sugar’ (sucrose) used is made up from glucose and fructose and is extracted from sugar cane or sugar beet. Beet sugar accounts for 30% of the total sugar produced worldwide. How sugar is made. Since diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar levels, many people wonder if sugar can cause it. Though bone char is not found in the final product, people looking to reduce their intake of foods made using animal products — such as vegans or vegetarians — may want to take this into consideration.
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