Also known as Japanese plum or Japanese medlar, loquat produces large, dark green leaves that are often used in floral arrangements. A loquat adds to the look created by citrus, bananas and gingers. Native to China, carefully cultivated in Japan for a thousand years or more, and beloved in the American South, Eriobotrya japonica is an evergreen tree that can grow to 25 feet tall and spread 15 to 20 wide. Add a loquat. Loquat trees are very cold tolerant and may withstand temperatures down to 8° to 10°F. 1 Select an appropriate site for the loquat tree. However, the flowers and fruit are killed by temperatures below 27°F. Need to screen your neighbor’s garage out? Use as a small specimen tree or mix in with citrus varieties for a tall evergreen hedge. Landscaping with Loquat Trees….. Loquats grow to approximately 20 feet tall. Loquats are one of the most useful fruiting trees we’ve got. The thick, opposite, simple leaves grow 3 to 8 inches long and half as wide. Growing Loquat Trees. It does better in warmer climates, particularly if you are looking to grow the tree for the fruit, but you can also use it … Combine with ginger lilies, cycads or bananas to move your garden south. In some areas, loquat trees grow well but the bloom or developing fruit are damaged or killed by winter or spring frosts. Want to emphasize the tropical and exotic? The best way to grow a loquat tree is from a grafted plant. Need a hedge or windbreak? The fruits may be slightly different or it may produce less fruit. Trimming out crossed, dead and diseased branches and clipping tips of fast growing branches is all that is needed. Temperatures above 95°F may negatively affect loquat tree growth. Pests and Diseases. Plants can grow 25 to 30 feet tall in the wild with a similar spread. In areas with high humidity, fire blight is often a problem. Fruitscaping with Loquat Trees. A loquat tree grown from seed will be slightly different than the tree the seed came from. Cultivated plants grow 12 to 20 feet tall with an equal or greater spread. Grown for its fruits or as a decorative tree, loquat trees produce small, pear-shaped fruits that are no more than 2 inches long. Loquats grown in the open, such as in a backyard orchard, are bothered by few pests and diseases. Loquats make a fast, easy to grow and evergreen hedge. With a small, rounded crown, the graceful, evergreen trees have a distinctly tropical air. Loquat trees grow best in full sun, but they will tolerate some shade, although this will decrease flower and fruit production. A loquat is a type of fruit that tastes somewhat like papayas and guavas. Fringe trees typically form irregular, spreading crowns supported by a short multi- or single-stemmed trunk. The loquat needs little in the way of pruning. Loquat trees are show-stoppingly beautiful trees that can grow up to 25 feet tall with their green, tropical foliage and yellow-green fruit clusters. Leaves.
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