LearnMusicTheory.net High-Yield Music Theory, Vol. Start with the chart below listing the chromatic scale from C to C. Each box represents a single half-step. <> 1: Music Theory Fundamentals 42 Section 3.1 INTRODUCTION TO INTERVALS An interval is the pitch distance (high-low distance) between two notes. /Contents 43 0 R Many songs feature guitar parts played in 3rds. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] !����T7%���P�� �� ����ˆ�//U}ܔиoC�64^64^��/�wl(���_�MSݔR�J0�z4:���΀t+"�#$�#&�#(�/D��������������ؔ����蔏���T�r��G��G��G�ʷ�T>�T>�T>U�B�ʯP�o����mY�*�*�*ߊW�G$�Q�r�_7eEϘpGV�,�e�������M{�j���� /Font <> Chromatic intervals are determined by raising or lowering the diatonic notes of a major scale by a half-step, which is the distance of one fret on the bass guitar. The guitar plays the G major scale in 3rds over the G chord and the C major scale in 3rds over the C chord. %���� Intervals: Minor, Augmented, and Diminished Minor 2nd 0 Minor 3rd Minor 6th 0 Minor 7th 00 Augmented 4th 0 Diminished 5th 0 Augmented 5th 0 Diminished 7th Intervals are shown on the staff and the guitar fretboard with C as the bass note x��]ۊ-�q}?_�?��Ȍ��0h$��m��5ƨ ��\Q{視T�>] zf����q��{�>R�oi��/��M�����o��6�����o���?������?������?�=>�����)���w�ۿ|K�9ћ���*�q�0�J�R� |4͝���oo}�����~�Q̷�~�;������z��R7^r�p�_;�R��zb���P~��y��)�i�9*�}�?0��Q������)�J��0]��JU�O�rޖ�4����}�?0 #5=%$���X�. stream and 7-note scales containing intervals no larger than a major third and selected 8-note scales, chiefly to account for the Bebop scales and the Diminished Scale. 37 0 obj <> Unison 43 0 obj The Go-To Chart There are a total of 11 different intervals before you get to your first octave, which doubles the frequency of the original note. ��r���w�M9,5NH���=�q�1����Z�C�t��,SAs��ӧLYi�L}��4M�6X�����j�u�z�U��Zo�U�o�2����ߙ�BZ�4A�����r���������tB},bj��{:�32 When a perfect interval is lowered a half step, it becomes diminished. THE GUITAR PLAYER’S GUIDE TO INTERVALS 2015 pg. 3. These two families can be adapted: When a major interval is lowered a half step, it becomes minor. When a perfect interval is raised a half step, it becomes augmented. It’s always just one note added to a root note. %�쏢 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] Intervals For The Guitar Intervals are the distance between 2 notes. Intervals are the musical unit of measurement between two notes. <> x��Z͒��>�Ƨ�-�+��0�YR�"W*UVѕ��Ú�v׵$W�]��Hy�t� ��KJN��Y`�������J5�R�����߾����BU׋��_V��f_�ZÄ�J��â,�U4�2��� ��/��?-�&���˕�QL��.W��ֻ��r�u Here’s an example: The Chromatic Intervals Look at the diatonic interval chart and notice the major second interval. Chromatic intervals are determined by raising or lowering the diatonic notes of a major scale by a half-step, which is the distance of one fret on the bass guitar. Perfect intervals: unisons, 4ths (11ths), 5ths, and octaves. MOST COMMON INTERVAL SHAPES ON GUITAR Major 3rd Aug 5th/ Minor 6th 00000 Octave 00000 00000 Minor 2nd Perfect 4th Major 6th 00000 Major 2nd Aug 4th/ Dim 5th Minor 7th 00000 Minor 3rd 00000 Perfect 5th Major 7th 00000 00000 O = Anywhere on the fretboard excepted... = when top note on 2nd string = when top note �}}�-`�Qm}{]���7������ dq�|���Y� ���r�7�~"�жl�rZjJk�� �R�Y"�������e���P4����x���C����Dnh��!���ɠ��v|�IMP*v���8���+�lc�� ��߬������(����;����"��e You can print out some or all of it, slap it in a 3-ring binder, mark it up at will, and print clean replacement pages as needed. ��Ϯh�L�6��B�h3 ]�]�8��S��D�> ,u�x t���ځ/�D�1�`�-5�j�����B��ie���7���;�V@�[B����G�Д�d����a�����;�B�=���j����q��x�h����PVN��D�K)(]_�f�jx��� �����edqa�)���̞�Z�ezx�tmDc@Յ��- The space between two notes is called an interval. endobj Interval names have two parts: 1. One of the best examples is the opening to “Brown Eyed Girl” by Van Morrison. The general category of the interval, based on counting the number of letter names using the starting letter name as number one; and The smallest space you can have between two notes is a half-step, one fret on the guitar. >> Here’s an example: Look at the diatonic interval chart and notice the major second interval.

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