Introduction This report is about cloning and genetic engineering. The last successful cloning of a primate was in 1998, but scientists have also cloned about 20 different types of animals including dogs, pigs, frogs, mice, cows and rabbits since the first cloned animal in 1996. This means that if a child has been cloned from a deceased person, they could live their life being compared to the other individual. List of Therapeutic Cloning Pros. 1. Since people can leave cells anywhere, it could be used by unscrupulous individuals for the wrong purposes. Plus, there is little to no chance of complications because their own cells are used to repair any broken or damage body part. It aims to raise awareness about cloning and genetic engineering allowing people to understand better about it through the information provided. Patients with weak hearts, damaged kidneys or other failing vital organs will no longer have to wait for donors, thus saving more people. When looking at the major human cloning pros and cons, it is essential that we balance the need to evolve the scientific processes involved in this artificial task while addressing the ethical and moral concerns which currently exist when manually creating or changing a genome. Meanwhile, proponents of genetic manipulation believe that it could be the answer to many medical mysteries. 4. Cloning is the process of creating a copy of a biological entity. Single-cell organisms like some yeasts and bacteria naturally reproduce clones of parent cells via budding or binary fission. Pros of Cloning. There are more than 100,000 … DNA cloning is a reproductive process that uses the genetic material of a single organism to create an offspring. Reproductive cloning produces copies of whole animals. 2. The Pros of Human Cloning. It will reduce diversity. Clones of terrorists, serial killers and other criminals could be made to carry out evildoings. While manipulating the cells of a human can lead to replicating good genes, it could also be used to reproduce undesirable traits. Reproductive cloning is the process of using one organism's genetic information to make a complete copy of that same organism. It can help in genetic research. When that happens, it is highly likely that this advancement in science will help combat genetic illnesses. This puts the human population in danger because some might deliberately or carelessly clone people, or even animals, with bad genes, which could equate to having more diseases, both physically and mentally. Individual body cells within plants and animals are clones that occur during a cell-reproduction process called mitosis. Plus, humans with the same DNA could produce children with defects due to bad breeding. Each clone bears the same sets of genetic material in the nucleus of every cell. Meanwhile, proponents of genetic manipulation believe that it could be the answer to many medical mysteries. Cloning technology is already here, as evidenced by Dolly the sheep. That way, you can determine whether you are for it or against it. As a journalist and editor for several years, Laurie Brenner has covered many topics in her writings, but science is one of her first loves. Therapeutic cloning produces embryonic stem cells for experiments aimed at creating tissues to replace injured or diseased tissues. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The average age for sheep runs between six to 12 years. Here are some of the pros and cons of therapeutic cloning to consider when evaluating this practice. Human cloning research and techniques could subject the clone to unacceptable risks such as a shortened life, bad health or other unknown problems. She graduated from San Diego's Coleman College in 1972. It has the potential to create organs. One of the great ethical debates of our era is the subject of human cloning. The process of cloning could also be used to repair or grow new cells to replace damaged or missing ones, which could treat illnesses and genetic disorders. In return, however, the advantages of cloning are also quite apparent: human cloning could very well lead to faster medical cures, a better overall qu… It removes the barrier of infertility. It can foster a wrong notion about having children. Cloned from a six-year-old Dorset sheep, scientists analyzed her DNA at her first birthday and discovered that the telomeres at the end of her DNA strands (think eraser on a pencil head) were shorter that they should be for her age. If you are on the fence about genetic cloning, it helps to know its pros and cons. Using cloning technologies, genetic researchers would have a better understanding of the composition of genes and the effects of genetic constituents on human traits. However, seven states prohibit it altogether, and 10 states only allow it for biomedical research. Cloning could prove helpful in the research of genetics. The ongoing quest to decipher genetic composition can benefit the most from cloning. And because your own organs will be cloned, minus the faulty parts, there is a higher chance of success upon transplant. Genetic illnesses are not a leading killer of people today, but they could be in the near future. As animals and humans age, these telomeres become shorter. When a patient who suffered from a traumatic injury has his or her cells cloned, it will be easier and faster to recover from such injury. It can be useful in obtaining desired traits in different organisms. As humans continually reproduce, damage to their DNA … It could eliminate defective genes. The advantages and disadvantages of human cloning raise moral, ethical, scientific and safety questions. 2. 1. That way, you can determine whether you are for it or against it. It could lead to security breach. Creating identical genes could mean a lack of diversity among humans. These Pros and Cons of Cloning are Both Fascinating and Scary. 1. It has caused quite a stir particularly among religious sectors. Here are the primary benefits to the science of human cloning: Defective genes could be eliminated. 1. Because cloning uses adult somatic cells, it is a process that allows anyone to have a child that is biologically their own. Many countries disallow reproductive cloning because of these questions, but some do allow research. Dolly died when she was six, and though she had shortened telomeres, she lived an average life and produced multiple offspring through natural methods, but she also developed diseases in her later years.

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