The only drawbacks to this tree are that seed-grown trees can have some tree-to-tree variation in size, and powdery mildew can disfigure the leaves in some summers. The oak was sacred to many gods, including Zeus, Jupiter and the Celtic Dagda. Oak branches were displayed on the reverse of coins of the old Deutsche Mark currency (1 through 10 Pfennigs; the 50 Pfennigs coin showed a woman planting an oak seedling), and are now also displayed on the reverse of German-issue Euro currency coins (1 through 5 cents). Its acorns start off green before turning brown and falling to the ground. It is native to most of Europe west of the Caucasus. Numerous insects live on the leaves, buds, and in the acorns. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Top tips for an eco-friendly and sustainable Christmas, Staying safe in our woods during the pandemic, Take part in our Nature's Calendar survey. In Ireland, at Birr Castle, an example, over 400 years old has a girth of 6.5 m. It is known as the Carroll Oak, referring to the local Chieftains, Ely O'Carroll who ruled prior to Norman occupation.[22]. Quercus robur is very tolerant to soil conditions and the continental climate but it prefers fertile and well-watered soils. The wood of Q. robur is identified by a close examination of a cross-section perpendicular to fibres. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy . robur. After the announcement of General Charles de Gaulle's death, caricaturist Jacques Faizant represented him as a fallen oak. The English oak, a timber tree native to Eurasia and northern Africa, is cultivated in other areas of the world as an ornamental. English oak is very common in southern and central Britain. Acute oak decline and chronic oak decline are serious conditions affecting Britain’s oaks, with several contributing factors linked to the diseases. Booklet, published by Birr Castle Demesne, 2000. SC038885). Two individuals of notable longevity are the Stelmužė Oak in Lithuania and the Granit Oak in Bulgaria, which are believed to be more than 1500 years old, possibly making them the oldest oaks in Europe; another specimen, called the 'Kongeegen' ('Kings Oak'), estimated to be about 1200 years old, grows in Jaegerspris, Denmark. [7] Yet another can be found in Kvilleken, Sweden, that is over 1000 years old and 14 m (46 ft) around. Arramon G, Saucier C, Colombani D and Glories Y, Phytochem Anal., November-DEcember 2002, volume 13, issue 6, pages 305-310, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T63532A3126467.en, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, "Kong Frederik den Syvendes Stiftelse paa Jægerspris", "The Oak Tree, from Peasant Torment to a Unifying Concept of Landscape Management", "Kew: Plants: Turner's Oak, Quercus x turneri", "The Definitive List of British Oak Trees & Their History | EHBP", "The National Inventory of Woodland and Trees - England", Oaks from Bialowieza Forest in Poland (biggest oak cluster with the monumental sizes in Europe) {English}, Monumental Trees, Photos and location details of large English oak trees, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quercus_robur&oldid=983854499, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Leaves and acorns (note the long acorn stalks), This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 17:04.

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