Deontology means duty or obligation. The theory deals with the intentions and the motives of a person 's action, not the aftermath. Utilitarianism focuses on the repercussions of activities. Happiness is equal to the, Utilitarianism states that if the lie assist with receiving a greater amount of happiness, it is permissible to lie. Angela Overmyer, Brickley Nason, Casey Carsten, Elvin Wright, If we applied Kant’s deontological ethical theory to our above situation, Larry’s toe would be treated and he would be sent on his way, all organ’s intact. Virtue ethics focuses on the benefits, or ethical personality, whereas deontology focuses on responsibilities or guidelines. In this we can compare it to the chainsaw theme. Therefore, the moral rules are applicable to everyone regardless of the situation. Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is determined by its usefulness. One philosopher wrote, "Like the wheel, business is one of the, Describe the main principles of the two normative ethical theories of deontology and utilitarianism. This approach of ethics emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to other approaches which emphasizes duties or rules. Deontologists believe in an ethical theory that is guided by maxims, which means the action you choose must be applied to all scenarios, for example even if lying is the best option in one particular situation, in most regular situations, of the three major approaches in ethics. Utilitarianism is the principle that the correct form of action be taken to benefit the greatest number of people. (philosophical theories…) Doing the right thing means to follow proper rules of behavior and, by doing so, promoting fairness and equality. • Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’ whereas Utilitarianism does. Moral Nihilism is the belief that there are no moral truths. Both utilitarianism and deontology deal with the ethics and consequences of one’s actions and behavior despite the outcome. This theory was founded by a German philosopher, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Utilitarianism also focuses on rules and regulations while deontology focuses on the stability of the society. 2 thoughts on “ Utilitarianism versus deontology ” Darrell Cooper says: April 3, 2015 at 1:06 am. Deontology takes root from the Greek words deon (duty) and logos (study). Utilitarianism's overall purpose is to serve the greater majority and this paper sets out to prove that. Bioethics Essay Proponents of the theory place trust on established institutions as opposed to placing it on people themselves. • Utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character but, deontology is not consequence-oriented in nature. Professor Sharon Romine But when seeing it with Kant 's theory, it is wrong what 's so ever to lie to anyone. 3/27/2011 | SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES:- What utilitarianism and deontology do not share in common is their analysis of what makes a particular act good or bad, right or wrong. Utilitarianism and deontological theory have their similarities and differences in the philosophical world. Deontology is defined as the area of ethics involving the responsibility, moral duty and commitment. But we know that if we return the chain saw we understand that it is a wrong thing to do since it leads to bad, Locke's Argument Of Primary And Secondary Concepts In The Human Body, Analysis Of Fear Of Immigrants By Jeremy A. Smith, Comparing Utilitarianism And Deontological Theory. Each approach provides a different way to understanding ethics. Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. The theory takes root from utilitarianism, and stresses on the fact that the morality of an action depends on its consequences. If we were to harvest Larry’s organs to save the other 5 citizens we would be breaking Kant’s fundamental rules, no matter what other moral duty we felt we faced. The Seven Moral Philosophies | The greatest happiness principle, used by utilitarianism, is that an act is right as far as it tends to produce the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. Generally speaking, theories of morality try to determine what is right and what is wrong or what is good and what is bad. Kant 's seems to say that you must keep your promise and return the chainsaw since you can 't fail to break that promise and lie. Bentham’s idea of pleasure falls under three points; intensity (how strong), duration … I will also compare and contrast some of the theories. The first theory that I came across was the theory of Moral Nihilism, also called ethical nihilism. Advocates of utilitarianism believe that all actions must seek to produce the greatest good for the greatest number of people, according to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Compare and Contrast of the Seven Moral Philosophies We don 't look at anything else but the idea of happiness. What do I mean by this? Utilitarianism. (M3), How Do the Prophets Speak to the Following Issue: Idolatry, Social Injustice, and Religious Ritualism. In the ramification of it violating our common sense of morality. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory.. The three approaches of ethics are virtue ethics, consequentialist ethics, and deontology ethics.

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