The bark, leaves, wood, and seed husks of the plant contain tannin. [3], A natural hybrid of Castanea pumila and Castanea dentata has been named Castanea × neglecta.[4]. It was generally only available in local markets, and was typically foraged from the wild in places where it grew abundantly. Nate Kleinman is one of the co-founders of the Experimental Farm Network. The seller observed, 'They are more delicate than the chestnut and of rare flavor, but too small for the candy and cake maker to bother with or to be used for the table. Native Americans made an infusion of chinquapin leaves to relieve headaches and fevers. Can volunteers expect to be able to keep some germplasm (seeds, bulbs, cuttings, spores, etc) at the close of the project? ], "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Castanea pumila, Allegheny Chinquapin", Chinkapin: Potential New Crop for the South, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Castanea_pumila&oldid=982427036, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Leaves and flowers of Allegheny chinquapin, This page was last edited on 8 October 2020, at 02:18. If you know a location where chinquapin chestnuts grow, but are not willing to participate actively in this project, please do get in touch with the researcher (. Volunteer growers must be secure in their land tenure for the foreseeable future (at least 5 years). Each cupule contains one ovoid shiny dark brown nut that is edible. Are you seeking volunteer growers or other types of volunteers? But the chinquapin fell into relative obscurity following the devastating fungal plight that nearly sent the American chestnut ( Castanea dentata ) to extinction, and the increased availability of imported chestnuts from Europe, Japan, Korea, and China. is the chestnut in miniature-rarely a tree of medium height and spreading habit-usually a shrub that seizes the land by its suckering roots, and forms thickets on hillsides and bare ridges or on the margins of swamps. It is a spreading shrub or small tree, reaching 2–8 m (6 ft 7 in–26 ft 3 in) in height at maturity. To participate, you must create a profile and join this project. Some may be asked to grow plants from seed, or be provided with living plants. A collaborative long-term project to identify and/or breed cultivars of chinquapin chestnut (Castanea pumila), or chinquapin chestnut crosses with other chestnut species, suited for food production. When the base of plant is cut or wounded at ground level the plant will grow multiple stalks producing a thick cover used by turkeys. The native range is from Maryland and extreme southern New Jersey and southeast Pennsylvania south to central Florida, west to eastern Texas, and north to southern Missouri and Kentucky. The Chinquapin (C. pumila, Mill.) John Smith of Jamestown made the first record of the tree and its nuts in 1612, observing its use by the Native Americans. It was generally only available in local markets, and was typically foraged from the wild in places where it grew abundantly. The fruit is a golden-colored cupule 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄4 in) in diameter with many sharp spines, maturing in autumn. Chinquapin chestnuts (Castanea pumila) were once a treasured food crop in the Eastern part of the United States (roughly from Florida to Pennsylvania, west to Texas). His background as an organizer includes work with Occupy Sandy, Service Employees International Union, the Sudan Freedom Walk Campaign, and various political campaigns. Seeds must be sent back to researcher when possible (though eventually growers should be able to keep plenty for personal use). Native Americans ate chinquapins raw, dried them for long-term storage, boiled them and mashed them. The Experimental Farm Network Cooperative is a 501c(3) non-profit organization based in Philadelphia, PA. Chinquapin Chestnut as a Productive Food Crop. [5][unreliable source? As nouns the difference between chinquapinand chestnut is that chinquapinis any of the shrubs in the genus (taxlink) while chestnutis a tree or shrub of the genus castanea. Chinquapin chestnuts (Castanea pumila) were once a treasured food crop in the Eastern part of the United States (roughly from Florida to Pennsylvania, west to Texas). The weakened blight should also be helpful in protecting the Allegheny Chinkapin (Castenea pumila) from Chestnut Blight. While the fungus does kill the tallest limbs/trunks of chinquapin plants by the time they reach 30 feet in heigh (they once grew to over 60 feet), the roots are apparently undamaged and continue to send up new branches. The trees are blight resistant and produce large beautiful chestnuts. The Allegheny chinquapin is closely related to the American chestnut, Castanea dentata, and both trees can be found in the same habitat. Castanea pumila, commonly known as the Allegheny chinquapin, American chinquapin (from the Powhatan) or dwarf chestnut, is a species of chestnut native to the southeastern United States. Volunteers will be asked either to grow trees or collect germplasm (seeds and/or cuttings). We believe these obstacles are not insurmountable -- and this project will attempt over many years to develop chinquapin chestnut plants with larger seeds that ripen uniformly. The bark is red- or gray-brown and slightly furrowed into scaly plates. Allegheny chinquapin can be distinguished by its smaller nut (half the size of a chestnut) that is not flattened (chestnuts are flattened on one side). The plant's habitat is dry sandy and rocky uplands and ridges mixed with oak and hickory to 1000 m elevation. The plant's habitat is dry sandy and rocky uplands and ridges mixed with oak and hickoryto 1000 m elevation. The native range is from Maryland and extreme southern New Jersey and southeast Pennsylvania south to central Florida, west to eastern Texas, and north to southern Missouri and Kentucky. They are open pollinated and seedlings may contain genes from American… Both subspecies of chinquapin (Allegheny and Ozark) are being studied/utilized in this project. The difference between Chestnut and Chinquapin When used as nouns , chestnut means a tree or shrub of the genus castanea, whereas chinquapin means any of the trees in the genus castanopsis. The chinquapin doesn’t need cooking like the chestnut to reduce it to toothsomeness.'. Nuts are medium/small, crops are abundant early on. Chinquapins are used in landscapes for the purpose of attracting wildlife. The nuts are consumed by squirrels and rabbits while white tail deer graze upon the foliage. Breeding timber chestnut trees is still an ongoing process and though most seedlings will, not all will be blight resistant or have timber form. It grows best on well-drained soils in full sun or partial shade. Hybrid Chestnut: Seeds for these trees are collected from select trees in a local established chestnut orchard in West Danby, NY. While the chinquapin does blight to some degree, it continues to send out suckers that will produce fruit. Experienced volunteers with access to chestnut trees may be asked to graft scionwood of chinquapins onto their trees. The flowers are monoecious and appear in early summer. But the chinquapin fell into relative obscurity following the devastating fungal plight that nearly sent the American chestnut (Castanea dentata) to extinction, and the increased availability of imported chestnuts from Europe, Japan, Korea, and China.

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